The Church and Islamic Law
Posted February 8, 2009on:
I have recently been reading up about the aspects of Italian culture for my course. Among other things, I have read the historical aspect as well as the cultural aspect of life from authors such as Bocaccio, Machiavelli, Pico, and studying the life and notes of Da Vinci.
This leads me to express my thoughts on a very sensitive subject. Back then, the Church held temporal powers and attributed its clutch on these powers as a divine right. Just like the divine right to talk about the message of God. I will not get into the historical aspects of the political aspect here and try to back up my understanding which will be evident from reading.
However, the law that is considered Islamic, or as we now refer to this as “Islamization,” it leads me to think of the true nature of politics in Islam, and religion in general. There is no demoracy when it comes to God. God gives you a command and you either follow or you don’t. A follower of God (of whichever religion) finds no flaws in His commands and does not challenge them by means of court or parliamentary debate. The laws governing an Islamic government should ideally be called “best practices” or policies. Politics and government is not an inherent component of Islam as a religion, but as Muslims, nation-states may choose to implement laws based on best practices derived from Islamic teaching.
What I am trying to say, I believe, is that while I see that temporal power is a right of the Church (in the 13th-15th centuries), in Islam there were recommended guidelines concerning nation-state law, and it was no divine right.
A country may choose to be capitalist or communist. Similarly it may choose to be an Islamic republic, implementing recommended Islamic practices.
N.B. Islam allows for non-muslims to be governed under their respective laws, trade and consume items permitted under their religion, as well be free to choose.
I hope this makes sense and someone can talk about this.